GCSE Business Studies

Please note that students starting GCSE Business Studies in Year 10 from 2023, will study the Edcexel framework - course information can be found here GCSE Business Studies (New Course).



This course is a GCSE that is graded 9-1 and is examined by OCR. It is suitable for students who have studied the subject before in year 9 but there is no prerequisite knowledge required to be successful on the course.


This is a course is suitable for students who want to learn about how businesses operate and who want to develop the skills and knowledge necessary for a career in business or for further study in the area, moving into further study at sixth-form. Students will develop not only an in-depth knowledge of the way in which businesses are run, but they will also learn the external influences which can impact upon a business’ success.


Theme 1 is studied first and it concentrates on the key business concepts, issues and skills involved in starting and running a small business. It provides a framework for students to explore core concepts through the lens of an entrepreneur setting up a business. It offers topics that serve as a good introduction to studying business and provides foundations on which students will build their knowledge and understanding.


Theme 2 examines how a business develops beyond the start-up phase. It focuses on the key business concepts, issues and decisions used to grow a business, with emphasis on aspects of marketing, operations, finance and human resources. Students will explore a range of larger businesses and see how they operate and the external factors that influence them.

How is the course assessed?

There are two themes on the course, theme one and theme two which is each broken into separate sub-topic areas.

Theme 1: business activity, marketing and people (01)

1. Business activity

1.1 The role of business enterprise and entrepreneurship

1.2 Business planning

1.3 Business ownership

1.4 Business aims and objectives

1.5 Stakeholders in business

1.6 Business growth

2. Marketing

2.1 The role of marketing

2.2 Market research

2.3 Market segmentation

2.4 The marketing mix

3. People

3.1 The role of human resources

3.2 Organisational structures and different ways of working

3.3 Communication in business

3.4 Recruitment and selection

3.5 Motivation and retention

3.6 Training and development

3.7 Employment law


Theme 2: operations, finance and influences on business (02)

4. Operations

4.1 Production processes

4.2 Quality of goods and services

4.3 The sales process and customer service

4.4 Consumer law

4.5 Business location

4.6 Working with suppliers

5. Finance

5.1 The role of the finance function

5.2 Sources of finance

5.3 Revenue, costs, profit and loss

5.4 Break-even

5.5 Cash and cash flow

6. Influences on business

6.1 Ethical and environmental considerations

6.2 The economic climate

6.3 Globalisation

7. The interdependent nature of business


Students will need to have a simple calculator.

Students can purchase the following revision guide for this course: My Revision Notes: OCR GCSE (9-1) Business Second Edition. ISBN-10: 1398372587

Homework and learning outside of the classroom

Students will be set exam questions to complete as weekly homework.

KS4 Business

KS5 Business

Allerton High School
King Lane, Leeds
West Yorkshire LS17 7AG
ssat ssat Leading Edge Healthy Schools Ofsted